“We are going through an epidemic of fungal infections in the current scenario and even people maintaining high levels of hygiene are ending up with these infections”, says Dr Rajat Kandhari. The primary cause for this scenario is high levels of migrant population and emerging and stronger strains of the fungus along with increasing resistance to anti fungals due to unsupervised usage of these drugs. Fungal infections of the skin maybe commonly divided into:
Superficial dermatophytosis (The common ring worm) – Typically occurring in the groin area, the foot, on the body or areas of occlusion and rarely even the face, scalp etc. These infections are reddish and round with a distinct border and highly itchy. Others in the family may end up having the same infection. Another form of these infections occur in the nail and are characterized by discolored, crumbly nails which are more common in people who go for free.
Candidal infections or yeast infections – These infections occur commonly in the genital area and / or the mouth. They present with redness and small, pus filled lesions or “cuts”. Common in diabetics, post antibiotics and old age.
Fungal infections of the nail – These infections are common particularly in individuals getting frequents manicures and pedicures, due to damage to the cuticle. They present with discolored, thickened and crumbly nails. Fungal infections are completely treatable with medical treatment and require a consult with a dermatologist for the right course of action.